If you passedon or after 1st January, 1997, you can tow a trailer behind a classification B vehicle without taking a more test if the trailer doesn't exceed 750 kg. A Classification B vehicle is a four-wheeled vehicle with a MAM not going beyond 3.5 tonnes which has not more than 8 passenger seats in addition to that of the motorist.
You will certainly have to pass a practical Category B+E test if you want to utilize a Category B vehicle to tow a trailer surpassing the restriction above. If you intend to drive a vehicle with a MAM exceeding 3.5 tonnes, such as a motorhome, you will need to pass a Category C or C1 test.
Your chauffeurs' handbook will usually offer info on the maximum acceptable trailer mass which can be pulled by your vehicle, together with the optimum noseweight which must be put on the tow ball. There are also some legal limits on loaded weight of unbraked trailers, which you will should recognize for your certain vehicle.
Generally, even if the vehicle restrictions are specified as higher, you are safer if the weight of the loaded trailer does not go beyond 85% of the vacant (kerbside) weight of the towing vehicle, particularly if you inexperienced at towing!
When towing, the length of your family members car can be thought about doubled. Exterior towing mirrors will certainly be needed for a clear sight down both sides of the trailer/caravan. Making use of a good stabiliser fitted to the tow bar can make the mix easier to handle, specifically in crosswinds, or when being surpassed by lorries and so on
. WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION
Weight circulation is the vital to stability when towing. People must never ever be allowed to travel in a caravan when it is being hauled!
If you are brand-new to towing many Driving Schools provide short programs on manoeuvring and safety and security when towing. The National Caravanning Council supply a detailed booklet on the exact same, and recommendations can be obtained from among the large caravanning organisations.
Practice makes ideal, so head to a quiet car park to master manoeuvres and methods before heading off.
It is important that any type of load is carried so that it is not a danger to various other roadway customers. The complying with checks ought to be made to your trailer or caravan before you set off on your trip:
• Right loading, with the ideal noseweight on the towbar;
• Appropriately hitched up, with breakaway cord, or second coupling, correctly connected and the combining head totally involved and locked;
• All lights and signs linked and functioning;
• Jockey wheel and setting up in totally stowed position;
• All windows, roofing light and doors correctly closed and safeguard;
• Brake systems is working appropriately;
• Tyre pressures are correct.
• All gas materials are protected and turned off i.e. Fluid gas cyclinders.
• The trailer or caravan must be fitted with tyres of the specified ranking as pointed out in the maker's handbook.
Tyre regulations likewise apply to trailers and campers, so inspect tread deepness and any damages to the sidewalls of the tyres. It is a good idea to increase a campers on supports if it is to remain standing for extended periods, taking the weight off the tyres and extending their beneficial life.
You will come to be used to towing, and you could make this simpler on your own by preparing in advance and giving yourself more time. Keep in mind to:
When slowing or quiting down, • Allow even more stopping time;
• Enable the added length during your driving, particularly when arising or turning at junctions;
• Enable 3 times the usual range and time to surpass securely;
• SNAKING - ease off the accelerator gradually, enable the steering to 'twitch' a little, and lower your rate until the snaking has quit;
• High-sided vehicles - take added care if being or passing passed, enabling as much space as securely feasible to avoid turbulence or buffeting effects;
• Never tow in the outside lane of a motorway with greater than 2 lanes, unless various other lanes are blocked;
• Be courteous - boost the image of the tower by checking your mirrors on a regular basis, ensuring that you are not holding up faster traffic. Be prepared to pull over safely if you are causing a hold up!
• SPEED LIMITS - Unless roadway indicators advise or else you need to not exceed
30mph (48kph) in built-up areas
50mph (80kph) on single carriageways
60mph (96kph) on dual carriageways or motorways.
These speeds need to be lowered in high winds or crosswinds, when travelling downhill, or in inadequate visibility.
Exterior towing mirrors will certainly be required for a clear sight down both sides of the trailer/caravan. The use of a good stabiliser fitted to the tow bar could make the combination easier to handle, specifically in crosswinds, or when being overtaken by lorries etc
. Weight circulation is the vital to security when towing. Larger, but lighter items, such as bed original site linens and garments, must be distributed around to provide an ideal noseweight at the towing coupling, as recommended by the supplier. People should never ever be enabled to take a trip in a campers this page when it is being hauled!